Juveniles to participate in WA research

Written by admin on 30/07/2019 Categories: 佛山桑拿

Children at Western Australia’s sole juvenile detention centre will participate in a study to determine if they have fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).


Researchers are developing a FASD screening test to be used on 200 youths, aged between 10 and 17, with the permission of their guardians and assistance from the Department of Corrective Services.

Research leader Professor Carol Bower told AAP she hoped the juveniles at Banksia Hill would be receptive to answering questions and being examined by a health professional before a diagnosis was reached.

“With some earlier identification, it is hoped that some alternative sentencing strategies might be more appropriate for these kids,” she said.

Prof Bower said the information gleaned from the research would also help people caring for the juveniles to better manage them and their needs.

She said the goal was to identify those with FASD before they reached detention.

FASD was caused by the fetus being exposed to alcohol during pregnancy and could cause neurological disabilities that led to problems with development, learning and behaviour, Prof Bower said.

Such problems could make the child easily led and less able to make judgements.

In rare cases, people with FASD also had heart and kidney birth defects, she said.

Prof Bower said researchers could modify the FASD screening test to be used much earlier in a child’s contact with the justice system, hopefully preventing them from going to prison as adults.

She said studies from North America suggested youths with FASD were 19 times more likely to be imprisoned than youths without the condition.

About 60 per cent of people with FASD over the age of 12 had been charged with or convicted of a criminal offence, Prof Bower said.

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Ming-era wine cup sells for record $US36m

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A rare Ming-era wine cup has broken the world auction record for any Chinese porcelain, selling in Hong Kong for $US36.


05 million ($A39.02 million) to Shanghai tycoon Liu Yiqian, Sotheby’s auction house says.

The tiny white porcelain cup, decorated with a colour painting of a rooster and a hen tending to their chicks, was made during the reign of the Chenghua Emperor between 1465 and 1487.

The price sets a new record for Chinese porcelain, according to Sotheby’s, beating the previous record held by a gourd-shaped vase from the Qianlong period, which sold for $HK252.66 million ($A35.26 million) in 2010.

The price far exceeded the previous world record for Ming Dynasty porcelain – which was held by a blue and white vase that sold for $HK168.66 million in 2011.

Nicolas Chow, deputy chairman of Sotheby’s Asia, described the cup as the “holy grail” of Chinese art.

“There is no more legendary object in the history of Chinese porcelain. This is an object bathed in mythology,” he told reporters after the sale on Tuesday.

“It has gone to an extraordinarily good home in Shanghai in the collection of Liu Yiqian.”

Bidding started at $HK160 million, with Liu putting up the winning bid over the telephone after a lengthy battle among hopeful buyers.

A taxi-driver turned financier, 50-year-old Liu is one of China’s wealthiest people and among a new class of Chinese super-rich scouring the globe for artwork.

Worth an estimated $US1.6 billion and with two museums to his name, Liu made headlines in the art world when he bought a Song-era scroll for $US8.2 million at a Sotheby’s auction in New York in September – only to have it dismissed as a fake by a trio of renowned experts. He stands by the scroll’s authenticity.

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Models hit back at skinny claims

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Models and industry figures have hit back at claims unhealthily thin women are appearing at Australian Fashion Week.


The latest outrage over super-skinny models comes after Cassi Van Den Dungen walked for Alex Perry and Ellery on Monday.

Photos showed her looking gaunt and bony on the runway, sparking a debate in the media and online.

The director of her booking agency Work Agency said Van Den Dungen was devastated by the comments.

“Her and her family are devastated, she’s in tears, she’s working really hard and she doesn’t have an eating disorder,” Helena Vitolins told AAP.

Vitolins confirmed she had been contacted by Marie Claire Australia editor Jackie Frank who called her to express concern after seeing the model on the runway.

“She rang me and she … said `look this girl is terribly thin’, and I said `you know what, yes, but she is’.

“She’s petit, she’s five foot 10 with a little head, huge mouth, huge eyes and sharp cheek bones.”

“Maybe it was the choice of outfit or the choice of makeup, or that heavy lighting.”

Van Den Dungen, a former Australia’s Next Top Model runner-up, told critics via instagram to “deal with it” and posted photos of her food.

“Lunch. Nice to have a break between shows,” was the caption on her bagel with jam and a flat white. She used the hashtags #lovefood #love my job, #iamwhoiam and #dealwithit.

Amanda Ware, a former winner of Australia’s Next Top Model, said models “eat more food than anyone else” and most of her colleagues were born slim.

“I’ve seen us models eat at a restaurant and we put away probably more food than anyone else,” Ware said backstage on Tuesday before stepping out in a size six figure-hugging Ginger & Smart dress.

Kathy Ward from Chic Management, who provided models for the Carla Zampatti show on Sunday, said the weight debate was complex.

“We make sure they (the models) are fit and healthy and in the best position to secure the jobs,” Ward said.

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Notorious pedophile priest convicted again

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More than half a century after he started sexually abusing the sons and daughters of his parishioners, Australia’s worst pedophile priest has learnt he is likely to die in jail.


Gerald Francis Ridsdale, 79, was given an eight-year sentence after pleading guilty to 30 new charges against 14 boys and girls between 1961 and 1980, conduct described by the judge as “evil hypocrisy.”

But the notorious pedophile, already serving time for a campaign of abuse dating back to 1961 when he was ordained, will not be eligible for parole until April 2019.

The protection of the Catholic church, which moved him from parish to parish throughout his career, meant his offending spanned three decades.

He abused 53 children in that time.

They included children of parishioners, wards of the state, altar servers, twin brothers and a girl as young as four-years-old.

It wasn’t until 1993 that he was de-frocked.

Two years later, he was jailed for 18 years.

Clergy abuse victims advocate Chris Wilding said Ridsdale was the “pin-up boy for pedophiles within the Roman Catholic Church”.

“He is the most prolific in this point at time,” Ms Wilding said.

Ridsdale portrayed himself as the “friendly priest”, luring his victims with inducements such as lollies and money to gain their trust.

He befriended victims and set up an after-school boys gathering, which was the setting for crimes against five children.

Many of Ridsdale’s victims were extremely vulnerable – some being wards of the state or from broken homes.

Victorian County Court Chief Judge Michael Rozenes said he was supposed to avoid a crushing sentence that would prevent the former Catholic priest living a useful life after his release, but in some cases a criminal’s age meant the just sentence was crushing.

The offending was a blatant breach of trust, Judge Rozenes said, adding that Ridsdale used his position within the Church to commit various serious sexual acts upon his victims.

“There is no doubt your conduct plummets to the depths of evil hypocrisy,” Judge Rozenes said.

“Your conduct has given rise to disastrous, catastrophic and at times tragic results.”

Ridsdale told one victim, an altar boy, that the abuse was a secret between them, and merely a “game” they played.

One girl was abused in a church confessional box after Ridsdale told her she was wicked and needed to be punished.

She was forced to say “forgive me Father for I have sinned”, words usually uttered in a confession, before he abused her.

Ridsdale showed no expression when he was sentenced and slowly left the dock, using a walking frame.

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Firms fret over Hockey’s budget intention

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As Joe Hockey jets off to the US to get the international vibe ahead of his first budget, businesses are fretting over how tough the treasurer will be in repairing the nation’s finances.


In Washington, Mr Hockey will chair his second meeting of G20 finance ministers and central bankers under Australia’s 2014 presidency.

At his first gathering in February, members from the world’s biggest economies struck an unprecedented agreement to lift global economic growth by two per cent over current projections during the next five years.

Mr Hockey hopes to get an update of the kinds of reforms they are considering to boost growth and create jobs.

The discussions this week were key as world economies experience low rates of growth and as many governments grapple with ways to stimulate their economies with limited fiscal stimulus at their disposal, he said.

The meeting will also discuss the next step on the path to reform of the International Monetary Fund.

Mr Hockey will also attend the IMF and World Bank spring meetings.

The trip is timely as it will provide an important international element for the treasurer as he forms his May 13 budget.

The government has said that it will need to take hard decisions to get the budget on a more sustainable footing.

Such warnings appear to have unsettled business confidence.

The National Australia Bank’s monthly business survey showed confidence fell below its long-term trend and lowest level since the September 2013 election.

NAB chief economist Alan Oster says firms appear to be responding to the continued sluggishness in business activity which did not match their exuberance following the election.

A “stubbornly” high Australian dollar, uncertainty over the global economy and the potential for significant belt tightening in the budget all could have contributed as well, he said.

Notably, confidence among mining companies was “deeply negative”.

NAB’s confidence index fell to four points from seven points, and while the conditions index rose from zero to one point, it still pointed to a further sluggish recovery.

Forward orders still pointed to a soft outlook, and a six point increase in the employment index to minus one suggested further increases in unemployment.

NAB continues to expect sub-trend economic growth of 2.7 per cent in 2013/14 and a jobless rate of 6.5 per cent by late 2014.

JP Morgan economist Ben Jarman was not surprised by the survey results.

“We have been critical of the idea that the election-related bounce in confidence would hold, or turn into anything meaningful,” he said, citing structural headwinds facing the economy and little changing on the policy front.

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India’s youth likely to determine election result: analyst

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538em;”>India 2014: the mother of all electionsModi vs Gandhi in India electionsExplainer: A view to lead India – who are the candidates?For extensive coverage of the Indian elections in Hindi, tune in to SBS Radio at 5pm daily. 

Worried about their jobs and angry about corruption, Indian voters look set to replace the ruling Congress Party with the Hindu nationalists.

Indian voters, worried about jobs and angry about corruption, look set to turf out the ruling Congress party in the world’s biggest election in favour of the opposition Hindu nationalists under hardliner Narendra Modi.

After 10 years of leftist rule by Congress and the Gandhi family dynasty, surveys show the young and increasingly aspirational electorate yearning for change, frustrated about the country’s direction and irked by higher food prices.

Roughly 814.5 million people are registered to vote, an increase of more than 100 million since the last parliamentary election in 2009, according to Reuters. Of those, more than 378 million eligible voters are between the ages of 18 and 35, according to census records. 

Reuters reports there are 23 million people in the 18 to 19 age bracket alone. A surge in enrolment in this age group means they now constitute 2.88 percent of total voters, against 0.75 percent in 2009. More than half of the country is aged under 25.

Political analyst Dr Pradeep Taneja from the University of Melbourne told SBS young voters are likely to influence the election outcome.

“Young people are impatient for a growing economy, employment,” he said. “Judging by all the opinion polls that the younger demographic are likely to vote for Modi. So it’s possible that he could get a big chunk of that vote.”

Listen: Full interview with Dr Pradeep Taneja, University of Melbourne

Modi, a hawkish three-times chief minister from western Gujarat state, is the son of a tea seller who has risen through the ranks of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to become the leading prime ministerial candidate.

Though tainted by religious riots and often viewed with hostility by Muslims, the right-winger has marketed himself as an economic reformer intent on rebooting the economy and creating jobs.

“For the past six months in every corner of India I have been talking of changing India’s future, development, youth employment and respect for women,” Modi told a rally on Thursday.

Bharatiya Janata Party tipped to win

Pre-election polls – fallible in the past and famously wrong when Congress won in 2004 – show the BJP likely to emerge as the biggest party in the next 543-member parliament following elections that start on Monday.

But it is forecast to fall short of a majority, meaning another coalition will need to be stitched together comprising India’s numerous regional parties led by often populist and mercurial personalities.

The election itself will be the biggest in history as 814 million eligible voters – more than twice the population of the United States – travel to nearly a million polling stations in a staggered process over six weeks.

Narendra Modi: a polarising figure?

While a BJB victory could be a win for the Indian economy, Dr Taneja said a Modi government could lead to further social tensions.

“If the election leads to the victory of the BJB under Narendra Modi, as people are predicting, then it’s likely that it would boost confidence in the Indian economy, investment will return and India’s economic growth could pick up again. And that could be good for the economy.” Dr Taneja told SBS.

“But at the same time, election results could lead to the polarisation of the Indian public – along identity lines and religious lines. It could in fact accentuate some of the social tensions already existing in Indian society. And that can’t be a good thing.

“So it could be good for the economy… but at the same time, Modi is a very polarising figure. And if he were to be prime minister, there’s also a possiblity that there could be polarisation in society also.”

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Judge rejects bid to dismiss Brown case

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Singer Chris Brown’s assault case is going forward after a judge in Washington on Monday rejected a request to dismiss it.


Lawyers for the Grammy-award-winning singer had argued the case should be dismissed because prosecutors abused the grand jury process to prepare for trial.

Brown’s lawyer, Mark Geragos, said prosecutors used the grand jury to “freeze” the testimony of the alleged victim in the case, a man who says Brown and his bodyguard punched him outside a Washington hotel in October.

Geragos called the incident “the most investigated misdemeanour of all time.”

But Judge Patricia Wynn agreed with prosecutors that they had a right to use the grand jury to assess the strength of their case.

“I am persuaded that there was no abuse,” Wynn said.

Brown and his bodyguard are scheduled to go to trial on April 17. A judge will hear the case, not a jury.

At the time of the alleged assault in Washington, Brown was on probation in California for a 2009 attack on singer Rihanna, his then-girlfriend. Soon after his arrest in Washington he entered rehab for anger management treatment, but he was jailed in mid-March after violating the facility’s rules.

If convicted in the Washington case, Brown could face additional penalties, including time behind bars, under the terms of a court order in the Rihanna case.

The US Marshals Service is in the process of transporting Brown to Washington and he was not present at Monday morning’s hearing.

Brown’s lawyers and government prosecutors are expected to return to court Monday afternoon for an additional hearing. Issues to be discussed include whether Brown and his bodyguard, Christopher Hollosy, should be tried separately, which their lawyers want. Prosecutors, meanwhile, want the judge to bar Brown from claiming self-defence.

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Worker launched off bulk carrier: report

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A worker on a Maltese bulk carrier was launched off the ship in a freefall lifeboat and spent hours in waters off Western Australia’s north after the release system was incorrectly reset in Singapore.


The Aquarosa was en route to Kwinana, south of Perth, on March 1 when the lifeboat was inadvertently released during a routine inspection, seriously injuring an engineer, who was in the orange vessel at the time.

He had noted in Singapore that the lifeboat release system hydraulics appeared to be losing oil, so he topped-up the pump with oil and moved its handle three or four times.

He intended to pressurise the system a little to see if he could identify any obvious oil leaks, but the boat shuddered and began to slide down the launching rails.

Knowing that the boat had been released and that he was unable to get out, he took a seat and attempted to put on the seatbelt.

The alarm was raised on the ship but it took about five hours to get the boat back on to the stern, with a 1.5 metre swell making manoeuvring and securing the lifeboat difficult.

Lines were thrown in an attempt to secure it but became stuck in the propeller, and a pilot ladder was deployed, but the engineer could not climb it because he was injured.

He was eventually helped onto the ship via a lowered gangway and later treated onshore for a fractured kneecap.

The Australian Transport Safety Bureau said in a recently-released preliminary report that measures had been implemented to prevent such an accident occurring again, including installing a safety pin that can be placed into the release hook during inspections and maintenance.

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Media coverage of Hughes trial criticised

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Years of intense media scrutiny meant it was virtually impossible for Hey Dad! actor Robert Hughes to get a fair trial, his lawyer says.


Greg Walsh wasn’t impressed to wake up to the front page headline “Prey Dad!” on Tuesday morning with two of his client’s charges still being considered by a jury.

Mr Walsh’s application for the remaining charges to be dismissed because of the media coverage was rejected on Tuesday morning before the jury found Hughes guilty of one more count of indecency.

In total, Hughes was found guilty of 10 counts of sexually and indecently assaulting young girls by a jury over the course of two days.

Mr Walsh argued on Tuesday morning that media coverage had been “so extensive and so pervasive” that it would have been impossible for a juror not to have viewed any of the stories.

Judge Peter Zahra said the jury had been properly instructed to ignore such reports and that they had proved to be very diligent.

However, he did criticise much of the reporting of the verdict, saying it had been “emotional and inflammatory”.

A potentially prejudicial article in the female blog Mamamia was just one of the pieces of reporting that was criticised in the court during the trial.

Judge Zahra indicated during the trial that he intended to refer the matter to the Attorney-General.

And a regular feature of Mr Walsh’s cross examination of one victim was the fact that she had done a series of paid interviews airing her allegations about Hughes.

It was after one of her interviews on a television program in 2010 that an investigation into Hughes was launched.

Speaking outside court on Tuesday, Mr Walsh said the coverage during the trial had been “a very unsettling feature of this case”.

“Mr Hughes and his family have been subjected to really four years of vilification. That builds up an enormous prejudice … it is virtually impossible to get a fair trial in those circumstances,” he said.

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MPs of both stripes lobbied over AWH

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Crooked ex-MP Eddie Obeid lobbied former NSW premier Nathan Rees about Australian Water Holdings (AWH) on the steps of parliament, the corruption watchdog has heard.


But Mr Rees said his Labor colleague never disclosed any family connection with the controversial company.

The Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) is investigating allegations AWH corruptly billed Sydney Water for luxury hotels and limousine rides.

Three former NSW ministers from both sides of politics appeared before the commission on Tuesday to tell how they were lobbied by Mr Obeid, AWH chief Nick Di Girolamo or others connected to AWH.

Mr Rees told the inquiry Mr Obeid approached him during his stretch as NSW water minister between 2007 and 2008.

“I think it happened on the steps of the parliament but I couldn’t be certain, and it was along the lines of, ‘Nick Di Girolamo has an issue with Sydney Water, can you speak to him or meet with him?’,” he said.

Mr Rees said Mr Obeid never mentioned any family connection with AWH.

It has been alleged the Obeids owned a stake in the company and stood to make tens of millions if a proposed government deal got up.

The former premier said he could not remember calling the men behind AWH “a bunch of crooks”, as sensationally claimed by former Sydney Water managing director Kerry Schott.

“Not that I recall, but Kerry Schott’s memory’s probably better than mine,” Mr Rees told reporters.

The man who replaced Mr Rees as water minister, Phil Costa, has testified that less than a month after he took the job, Mr Obeid asked him to meet Mr Di Girolamo.

He told the inquiry Mr Obeid spoke to him about AWH and Sydney Water multiple times.

But the encounter that sticks in his mind is a conversation in a parliamentary lift, when Mr Obeid asked him to get rid of Dr Schott.

“For some reason he asked me to ‘sack the bitch’,” Mr Costa told the inquiry.

“I was a little gobsmacked by it.”

But Mr Costa said he had no intention of demoting Dr Schott.

“We were warriors in arms,” Mr Costa said.

“She was doing what needed to be done.”

The inquiry has previously heard that Dr Schott insisted AWH justify its “ballooning” billings and raised questions about an allegedly doctored cabinet minute that recommended the government enter talks with AWH about a lucrative public-private partnership.

Former Liberal frontbencher Greg Pearce was also in the ICAC witness box on Tuesday, testifying that Liberal Senator Arthur Sinodinos and fundraiser Michael Photios both lobbied him about AWH.

But the final straw came when Mr Di Girolamo went over his head to arrange a meeting with Premier Barry O’Farrell on a day Mr Pearce was trying to get a major bill passed in parliament.

“I was being lobbied on this issue and I didn’t appreciate it,” he said.

The inquiry continues.

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